Experts Council

 

Rule of Law Experts Council

Police Experts Council

 

Rule of Law Experts Council


Alejandro Alvarez
Rule of Law, Justice and Security Advisor and Team Leader
Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery
United Nations Development Programme

Alejandro Alvarez is currently the Team Leader of the Rule of Law, Justice & Security team at the Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, United Nations Development Programme. He leads UNDP/BCPR’s work in this area and acts as the programme manager of the UNDP’s Global Programme for strengthening the Rule of Law in crisis and fragile situations.

As part of his responsibilities, Mr Alvarez currently leads a team that supports governments and civil society in 25 of the most conflict affected and fragile countries in the world. The UNDP/BCPR’s Rule of Law, Justice and Security team designs, monitors and supports the implementation of multi-year comprehensive Rule of law, justice & security programs in conflict or post-conflict environments – such as Liberia, Somalia, Afghanistan, Sudan, Guinea Bissau, Haiti, Colombia, and others. He is also responsible for strengthening collaboration and joint programming with other UN entities working in this area.

Before his current assignment, Mr. Alvarez worked as a Justice & Security Sector Reform Regional Adviser in UNDP for the Latin American and Caribbean region, advising governments in the area of criminal justice reform, crime and violence prevention and police reform. Prior to this, he worked in the non-governmental sector on justice sector reform issues, being director of programme for INECIP, a region-wide Latin American NGO, and was independent consultant with the EC, IADB and USAID in several countries in Africa and in Latin America. Mr Alvarez also served at the UN peacebuilding mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA) on Rule of Law and governance matters, mandated to verify the implementation of the peace agreements.

Alejandro Alvarez has a track record of eighteen years of high-level policy advice to governments and UNDP country offices. He has also published a book and several articles on justice & security related matters. Mr Alvarez was born in Argentina, has a degree in law from the University of Buenos Aires and a masters degree (DEA) in criminal law from the University of Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne).

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Professor Per Berling
Principal Legal Advisor, Folke Bernadotte Academy

Professor Per Bergling is based at Umeå University in Sweden. He is also the Principal Legal Advisor at the Folke Bernadotte Academy. He has extensive experience working in support of rule of law, legal and justice sector reform in post-conflict, transition and development countries, comprising executive work, research, policy advice, etc. for international, regional and national organisations. Bergling has several international publications in the fields of International Law, Comparative Law, and Rule of Law. Currently Bergling pursues (either individually or as head of research groups) research projects on the relationship between the so-called Millennium Development Goals, concepts of rights-based development, and international rule of law and human rights approaches; international strategies for incorporating rule of law principles in reforms of civil administration structures in crisis and post-crisis states; and on international approaches for fighting corruption and organised crime in transitional states.

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Professor Howard N. Fenton
Director, Democratic Governance and Rule of Law LL.M. Program, Ohio Northern University College of Law

Howard N. Fenton is Professor of Law and the founding Director of the highly regarded Democratic Governance and Rule of Law LL.M. Program at Ohio Northern University. He currently teaches Public Law and Legal Process, Comparative Administrative Law and the LL.M. capstone Rule of Law Seminar. Fenton has also taught International Business Transactions, International Law, Administrative Law, and Contract Law. He has served on seven dispute settlement panels under the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Since 1996 Professor Fenton has been an active consultant on administrative justice reform, public participation in governance, and the legislative process for the United States Agency for International Development in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and Africa. From 2001-2002 he served as Chief of Party for USAID’s Rule of Law project in Tbilisi, Georgia. He has published numerous articles on administrative justice and is co-author of the 2008 USAID publication “Using Administrative Law Tools and Concepts to Strengthen USAID Programming: A Guide for USAID Democracy and Governance Officers.” Most recently Professor Fenton has assisted in legislative review and conducted training sessions on drafting statutes and regulations in Kosovo, and served as an advisor to the Parliament of Georgia on constitutional and administrative justice reforms.

He received both his B.S. and J.D. degrees with honors from the University of Texas. Fenton practiced regulatory and international trade law in Washington, D.C. for nine years before becoming a law professor in 1984.

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Michael Hartmann
Chief, Criminal Justice Program (Afghanistan), UN Office on Drugs and Crime

Michael Hartmann is Chief of the Rule-of-Law Unit of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA). He was previously Chief of the Criminal Justice Programme, Country Office Afghanistan of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime. He has served as advisor to the Attorney-General of Indonesia on behalf of USAID. Hartmann also advised the Attorney General of Afghanistan for the U.S. State Department/INL Bureau Justice Sector Support Program, and was acting Chief of the Rule-of-Law Unit of the UNAMA. He was the first UN-appointed international public prosecutor for Kosovo, having previously worked with the UN in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Hartmann holds a J.D. from Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of California.

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Isabel Hight
Prison System Adviser, Protection Division, International Committee of the Red Cross

Isabel Hight is currently Prison System Adviser with the Protection Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva. She has more than 30 years experience working in prisons systems starting in Australia. In 2000 Hight was appointed as the Director, East Timor Prison Service, by the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO). She subsequently served as the Corrections Adviser in DPKO. Hight has experience working with penitentiary systems in Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, Sudan, Afghanistan, Haiti, Burundi, Tunisia, Cambodia, Nepal, Pakistan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree and post graduate qualifications in Criminology and Public Sector Management.

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Gary Hill
Training Chair, International Corrections and Prisons Association

Gary Hill is on the Board and is the Training Chair of the International Corrections and Prisons Association. He is Scientific Coordinator of the International Scientific and Professional Advisory Council of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Program. He serves as an adjunct professor and consultant at the University of Nebraska, the Naif Arab University for Security Science, and Torino University. Hill has served as a corrections consultant and trainer in peacekeeping missions in Somalia, Afghanistan, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Gary Hill is the chief executive officer of CEGA Services and president of Contact Center, Inc.

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Shelley Inglis
Policy Advisor/Team Leader, Rule of Law: Access to Justice and Security, Bureau for Development Policy, United Nations Development Programme

Shelley Ingliscurrently works as Policy Advisor/Team Leader on Rule of Law: Access to Justice and Security in the Bureau for Development Policy, United Nations Development Programme. Prior to that she was a Rule of Law Officer in the office of the United Nations Deputy Secretary-General working on system-wide policy coordination and coherence in the field of rule of law. She has worked previously on human rights and rule of law issues for the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva, and the United Nations Development Fund for Women. Her experience includes: providing guidance and support on rule of law approaches and programming to field presences in various conflict-affected and transitioning countries including Afghanistan, Cote d’Ivoire, Haiti, Liberia, Sudan, and Timor-Leste, among others; drafting numerous reports, and policy and guidance materials for the Organization; and conducting workshops and training in her area of expertise. Before joining the United Nations, Shelley’s international experience includes working in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, primarily for Save the Children US (1994-1995), and in Kosovo for Amnesty International and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) (1999-2002). She is a member of the New York Bar and Term Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She is a graduate of Columbia School of Law (JD) and Cornell University (BA).

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Deborah Isser
Senior Counsel, World Bank

Deborah Isser is Senior Counsel at the World Bank, where she leads the Legal and Justice Reform group’s work on justice reform in fragile and conflict-affected societies, and is also global program manager of the Justice for the Poor program. From 2004 through 2010 she was a Senior Rule of Law Advisor at the United States Institute of Peace. In that role, she directed projects on customary justice and legal pluralism, and on land, property and conflict. She has taught practitioner courses on Land, Property and Conflict and on Rule of Law Promotion at USIP's Academy for Conflict Management and Peacebuilding, and has served as adjunct faculty at Georgetown and George Washington law schools. Previously, she was a senior policy advisor at the Office of the High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2001-2003), and special advisor on peacekeeping at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations (2000-2001). She practiced law with the firm Morrison and Foerster in New York City (1998-2000), and co-founded the International Legal Assistance network, a pro bono service for human rights advocates abroad. She served as judicial clerk to the Honorable Dalia Dorner of the Supreme Court of Israel. Her publications include, Customary Justice and the Rule of Law in War-Torn Societies (USIP Press, forthcoming 2011); Looking for Justice: Liberian experiences with and perceptions of local justice options (USIP Peaceworks No. 63, November 2009) (with Stephen C. Lubkemann and Saah N’Tow); Local Justice in Southern Sudan (USIP Peaceworks No.66, 2010) (with Cherry Leonardi, Leben Nelsen Moro and Martina Santschi); Land, Property and the Challenge of Return for Iraq’s Displaced (USIP Special Report No. 221, April 2006). Isser received a juris doctor from Harvard Law School, a master's in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School, and a bachelor degree in East Asian Studies from Columbia University.

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Dr. Rachel Kleinfeld

Dr. Rachel Kleinfeld is the founder of the Truman National Security Project, an organization dedicated to promoting strong, smart, principled security policy. Her passion lies in issues at the interstices of national security and human security. Rachel has consulted for the World Bank, the EU, OECD, DFID, government agencies, and private organizations to promote the rule of law in weak states, work that she continues as a non-resident Associate of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Advancing Rule of Law Reform Abroad: The Next Generation (2012); Relocating the Rule of Law (2009); Promoting Democracy and the Rule of Law: American and European Strategies (2009); The Future of Human Rights (2008); With All Our Might (2006); and Promoting the Rule of Law (2005). She is also the co-author of Let There Be Light: A Market-Based Solution to Electrifying the Developing World (2011). Named one of the "Top 40 Under 40" Rising Political Leaders by Time Magazine in 2010, Kleinfeld appears regularly on national radio and television. Rachel is a founding member of the U.S. Department of State's Foreign Affairs Policy Board. A Rhodes Scholar and Truman Scholar, Rachel received her D. Phil and M. Phil from St. Antony's College, Oxford, and her B.A. from Yale University. She was raised in a log house on a dirt road in her beloved Fairbanks, Alaska, a place where frontier justice occasionally still prevails.

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Judge Agniezska Klonwieczka-Milart
Supreme Court Chamber, Extraordinary Chambers, Cambodia

Judge Agnieszka Klonowiecka-Milart is an International Judge in the Supreme Court Chamber of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. She previously served as an International Judge with both the United Nations and the European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovoand has served as an expert evaluator with the UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina's Judicial System Assessment Program and Polish Ministry of Justice's Department of International Cooperation. Klonowiecka-Milart was a member of Polish judiciary before becoming an international judge and taught law at the Maria Curie Sklodowska University.

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Bruce “Ossie” Oswald
Senior Lecturer, University of Melbourne Law School and Legal Officer, Australian Army (Reserves)

Bruce "Ossie" Oswald is a senior lecturer in the Faculty of Law at the University of Melbourne. Ossie has served in the Regular Australian Army as a legal officer. He has seen operational service in Rwanda, the Former Yugoslavia, East Timor, Iraq and Afghanistan. He has provided legal advice and held staff appointments as a legal officer at tactical, operational and strategic levels. During his service in Australia he provided legal advice to the Deployable Joint Force Headquarters, Headquarters Australian Theatre, Strategic Command and Directorate of Operations and International Law. Ossie continues to serve in the Army Reserves as a legal officer. For his service as the Legal Officer for the Australian Service Contingent serving in Rwanda, Ossie was awarded the Conspicuous Service Cross (CSC). In 1997 Ossie worked with the International Committee of the Red Cross in the Former Yugoslavia. His interests in law and practice are in the areas of international humanitarian law, peace operations, state building, accountability and responsibility, and the application of human rights law to military operations.

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Laure-Hélène Piron
United Kingdom, Department for International Development

Laure-Hélène Piron is currently based in Kabul with the UK Department for International Development (DFID). She was formerly with the Conflict, Humanitarian and Security Department at DFID, where she is the lead advisor on safety, security and access to justice. She has worked in the West and North Africa Department on anti-corruption, civil society, state and local government and institutional development and has published widely on the rule of law, including a chapter in Thomas Carothers seminal work, Promoting the Rule of Law Abroad. Piron has held many positions at DFID including in the Governance Department, and the Greater Horn and Great Lakes Department on anti-corruption, public service reform, service delivery, and governance indicators. She has worked as a research fellow at the Overseas Development Institute in the Public Policy and Poverty Group and as a governance consultant for DFID. In addition, Piron has worked at Amnesty International and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. She holds a B.A. in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics, and an M.Phil. in Politics from Oxford University, and a Masters degree in Human Rights, Conflict, and the United Nations from Columbia University.

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Dr. Richard Sannerholm
Researcher, Folke Bernadotte Academy

Dr. Richard Zajac Sannerholmis a researcher at the Folke Bernadotte Academy in Sweden, where he conducts research on measuring rule of law in public administration, monitoring administrative justice, rule of law and security sector reform, and an empirical project on mapping UN rule of law reform in post-conflict settings. Richard’s expertise is on rule of law reform in post-conflict, crisis and transition countries, having working as a researcher and adviser for international organizations such as the United Nations, national agencies and non-governmental organizations. He holds a PhD in Law from Örebro University, Faculty of Law, Sweden, entitled Rule of Law after War: Ideologies, Norms and Methods for Legal and Judicial Reform (2009).

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Professor William Schabas, O.C.
Director, Irish Centre for Human Rights

Professor William Schabas is Director of the Irish Centre for Human Rights and Professor of International Law at the National University of Ireland, Galway and Associate Professor at the University of Middlesex in London and the Université de Québec à Montréal. Professor Schabas is the author of twenty-one books dealing in whole or in part with international human rights law, including The International Criminal Court: A Commentary on the Rome Statute (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), Introduction to the International Criminal Court (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, 4 th ed.), Genocide in International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2 nd ed., 2009), The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 3 rd ed.), International Human Rights and Canadian Law (Toronto, Carswell, 2007, 3 rd ed.), The Death Penalty as Cruel Treatment and Torture (Boston, Northeastern University Press, 1996) and Précis du droit international des droits de la personne (Montréal, Éditions Yvon Blais, 1997). He has also published some 300 articles in academic journals, principally in the field of international human rights law and international criminal law. Professor Schabas is editor-in-chief of Criminal Law Forum, the quarterly journal of the International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law. He is Chairman of Board of Trustees of the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Technical Assistance in the Field of Human Rights, President of the International Association of Genocide Scholars, President of the Irish Branch of the International Law Association and chair of the International Institute for Criminal Investigation. From 2002 to 2004 he served as one of three international members of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Professor Schabas was an international member of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Quebec Human Rights Tribunal. Professor Schabas holds BA and MA degrees in history from the University of Toronto and LLB, LLM and LLD degrees from the University of Montreal, as well as honorary doctorates in law from Dalhousie University and Case Western Reserve University. Professor Schabas was named an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2006. He was elected a member of the Royal Irish Academy in 2007.

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Dr. Niaz Shah
Lecturer, University of Hull, United Kingdom

Dr. Niaz Shahis a lecturer at the University of Hull where he teaches International Human Rights Law, Islamic Law and Public Law. He also leads a research project entitled ‘Islamic and International Humanitarian Law: Muslim Insurgency and the War on Terror’. He is published widely on International Human Rights Law, Islamic Law (including on the rights of women and the freedom of religion). His publications include “Islamic Law and the Law of Armed Conflict: The Armed Conflict in Pakistan” (Routledge-Cavendish), “Self Defense in Islamic and International Law: Assessing Al-Qaeda and the Invasion of Iraq” (Palgrave Macmillan) and “Women, the Koran and International Human Rights Law: The Experience of Pakistan” (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers). From January 2006, Dr Shah was a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge. He also worked for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees as a Protection Assistant and remains UNICEF's consultant on the rights of women and children in Pakistan. He obtained his PhD from Queen's University Belfast in 2005. He was called to the Bar in 2000 and, in 2002, was admitted as an Advocate of the High Court in Pakistan.

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Dr. Mark Shaw
Director of Communities, Crime and Conflict at STATT Consulting, Hong Kong

Dr. Mark Shaw is the Director of Communities, Crime and Conflict at STATT Consulting, Hong Kong. He previously worked for ten years at the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), including as Inter-Regional Adviser, Chief of the Criminal JusticeReform Unit, and with the Global Programme against Transnational Organised Crime, with extensive field work in fragile and postconflict states. He hasheld a number of other positions in government and civil society, including: Director of Monitoring and Analysis in the South African Secretariat for Safety and Security, Head of the Crime and Police Programme at the Institute for Security Studies in Pretoria, Ford Foundation Senior Fellow at the South African Institute of International Affairs, United States Institute of Peace Researcher on local conflicts at the Centre for Policy Studies in Johannesburg, adviser to the Provincial Safety Minister for Gauteng, and as a violence monitor for the National Peace Secretariat. Mark chaired the Committee of Inquiry on Police Reform in South Africa and was the chief drafter of the government’s 1998 White Paper on Safety and Security. He holds a PhD from the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, and has published widely on peace, security, and justice reform issues.

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Andrew Solomon
USAID Democracy Fellow (Transitional Justice Advisor)

As a USAID Democracy Fellow, Andrew Solomon serves as Transitional Justice Advisor on the Human Rights Team in the Center for Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance. Prior to joining USAID, Andrew was a Director and Justice Sector Reform Advisor at BlueLaw International, where he served as technical lead on an effort to support the development of State/INL doctrine in the areas of justice and security sector assistance, gender equality, and anti-corruption. He previously served as a Deputy Director of the Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement and as Director of Programs at American Society of International Law. Solomon has worked on many aspects of rule of law including transitional justice and governance. He has been deeply involved in electoral management as a short term election observer and a legal analyst in 15 countries in Eastern Europe, Balkans, Caucasus, and Central Asia with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. He also served as Co-Director of the Rule of Law Research Office at the ABA/CEELI. Solomon holds a J.D. from the Catholic University School of Law.

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Adam Stapleton
Governance and Justice Group

Adam Stapleton is a lawyer and justice adviser with emphasis on penal reform and criminal justice. He is on the Board of Directors of the Governance and Justice Group, a non-profit group working on governance, justice and security reform issues. Currently he is Adjunct Professor of Law, Bluhm Legal Clinic, Northwestern University School of Law (USA) and Fellow of the Human Rights Centre at Essex University (UK). He served as a human rights officer with UN missions in Cambodia, South Africa and Rwanda. From a base in Malawi he worked as an independent adviser to Penal Reform International for 12 years - as well as consulted for the UK Department for International Development (DFID) on the design of their Access to Justice programs in Malawi, Nigeria, Lesotho, Ghana. He has acted for various international development agencies in justice and penal reform in 16 countries in Africa (including Liberia, the Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo), in the Balkans and South Asia. He has published widely on justice and penal reform issues and co-wrote the Human Rights Handbook with Kathryn English. He lives in Portugal and works in English, French, Spanish and Portuguese.

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Sheelagh Stewart
Director Governance and Rule of Law, BCPR, UNDP

Sheelagh Stewart joined UNDP in March 2012 as UNDP BCPRs Director Governance and Rule of Law. Ms Stewart grew up in Zimbabwe and was educated in Capetown, graduating in 1983 with an LLB. She practiced as a lawyer in Zimbabwe appearing in the Zimbabwean customary court and representing clients in the formal disarmament process that followed independence. She was the co-founder, and first Director of the Musasa Project, the first NGO to tackle violence against women in then-independent Africa. After moving to the United Kingdom (UK), she joined the UK Institute of Development Studies in Sussex. Subsequently, she joined the Asia Foundation and worked in Bangladesh on rule of law and alternative dispute resolution.

Ms Stewart joined the Department for International Development (DFID) of the British Government in 2000 as a senior governance adviser. She subsequently took on the position of Head of Governance and Conflict and after that the position of Deputy Director, South Asia. During this time she led DFID’s work on Fragile States. Immediately before joining UNDP, Ms Stewart was the Head of the UK Government’s Stabilisation Unit. This Unit is co-owned by DFID, the UK Ministry of Defence and the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office and set up to co-ordinate civil-military response to Fragile and Conflict Affected States. Ms Stewart has two children.

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Professor Brian Tamanaha
Washington University School of Law

Professor Brian Z. Tamanaha is a Professor of Law at Washington University School of Law (in St. Louis). He has published six books with academic presses on the rule of law (Law as a Means to an End: Threat to the Rule of Law (Cambridge 2006); On the Rule of Law: History, Politics, Theory (Cambridge 2004); A General Jurisprudence of Law and Society (Oxford 2001); Realistic Socio-Legal Theory: Pragmatism and a Social Theory of Law (Oxford 1997); and Understanding Law in Micronesia: An Interpretive Approach to Transplanted Law [Brill 1993]), which have won several awards, including the Herbert Jacob Book Prize and the Dennis Leslie Mahoney Prize in Legal Theory. His work covers a broad range of issues in legal theory—from the rule of law to law and development—with a particular emphasis on the relationship between law and society.

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Professor Veronica Taylor
Director, School of Regulation, Justice and Diplomacy, Australian National University

Professor Veronica Tayloris Director-Designate of the School of Regulation, Justice and Diplomacy at the Australian National University (ANU) in Canberra. Prior to joining the ANU she was Director of the Asian Law Center at the University of Washington from 2001-10, where she was responsible for the J.D., LL.M., Ph.D., and Visiting Scholar programs in Asian, Comparative and Development Law. She led a team of fifteen faculty and staff in the Center's teaching, research and policy work on Afghanistan, Central Asia, Indonesia, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, the People's Republic of China, Taiwan, Thailand. She continues an appointment at the University of Washington as Affiliate Professor of Law and Senior Advisor to the Asian Law Center. In 2010 she was also appointed the inaugural Hague Visiting Professor in Rule of Law – an international position funded by the City of the Hague and hosted by the Hague Institute for the Internationalization of Law and Leiden University’s Van Vollenhoven Institute. Professor Taylor specializes in commercial law and society in Asia, regulation, and law reform in transition economies. She has published extensively on commercial law in Asia, on regulation, law and society in Asia and on the 21st century challenges of law and development. She has over twenty years' experience as a scholar and consultant participating in and managing projects for the U.S. Agency for International Development, World Bank, Asian Development Bank and AUSAID. She has designed law reform and legal training projects focused on Afghanistan, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Egypt, Indonesia, Japan, Mongolia, Vietnam, and the United States. With Professors Tom Ginsburg (Chicago) and John Ohnesorge (Wisconsin), Professor Taylor established the Rule of Law, State-building and Transition Collaborative Research Network with the Law and Society Association and is active in shaping new intellectual approaches to law and development initiatives.

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Professor Christie Warren
Director, Comparative Legal Studies and Post-Conflict Justice Program, William and Mary Law School

Professor Christie S. Warrenis Professor of the Practice of International and Comparative Law and Director of the Comparative Legal Studies and Post-Conflict Justice Program at William and Mary Law School in Williamsburg, Virginia (USA). Her courses include Comparative Law, Comparative Constitutional Systems, Post-Conflict Justice and the Rule of Law, International Human Rights Law, Litigation in Civil Code Systems, Islamic Law, and Introduction to Common Law Methodologies. Her publications are in the field of Islamic Law and international legal development. Professor Warren has designed, implemented, monitored and assessed constitutional, judicial and legal development and training projects in more than 40 countries throughout Africa, Central and East Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Central and Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Russia and the Newly Independent States, the Balkans and East Timor. She served as the 1998 – 1999 Supreme Court Fellow at the Supreme Court of the United States and the 2010 Senior Expert in Constitutional Issues for the Mediation Support Unit of the United Nations Department of Political Affairs. She has advised on constitutional issues and processes in Kosovo, Somalia, Haiti, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova and Sudan and for the Darfur Peace Talks.

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Paul Williams
Professor of Law and International Relations, American University

Paul Williams is the co-founder and Executive Director of Public International Law and Policy Group and the Rebecca Grazier Professor of Law and International Relations at American University. He is an expert on public international law, particularly questions of self-determination, state creation and succession. As a pro bono advocate for states and governments, Professor Williams has participated in negotiating several peace agreements. In 2005 his work was recognized with a nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize. He previously served as Legal Advisor for European and Canadian Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, and a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Williams holds an A.B. from the University of California, Davis, a J.D. from the Stanford University School of Law, and a Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge.

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Police Experts Council


Professor Bruce Baker
Director, African Studies Centre, Coventry University, United Kingdom

Bruce Bakeris Professor of African Security and Director of the African Studies Centre at Coventry University, UK. His published articles and books cover African democratization, governance, policing, security sector reform, popular justice and informal justice. His current research focus is on policing in post-conflict states and on justice responses to sexual violence. Recent publications includeMulti-choice Policing in Africa (Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2007); Security in Post-conflict Africa: The Role of Non-State Policing (CRC Press 2009); and numerous articles (see). He has conducted fieldwork in Zimbabwe, Mozambique, South Africa, Rwanda, Uganda, The Gambia, Sierra Leone, Cape Verde, Seychelles, Liberia, Southern Sudan, Comoros and Nigeria.

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Steve Bennett
Director, Kosovo Police Service School, UN Mission in Kosovo (1999-2006)

Steve Bennett is Assistant Director for Police Operations with the U.S. Department of State’s Civilian Response Corps and the Department of Justice’s International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program. He is an expert on police development and training in post-conflict and reconstruction environments. From 1999 through 2006 he seconded to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and served as director of the Kosovo Police School and the OSCE Department of Police Educa tion and Development in Kosovo. Prior to his service with the OSCE Bennett served as a military police officer with the U.S. Marine Corps and as Director of the Oregon State Board on Public Safety Standards and Training. Bennett is a past president of the International Association of Director's of Law Enforcement Standards and Training. He is a graduate of Saint Edward's University and the Federal Bureau of Investigation National Academy.

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General Vincenzo Coppola
General, Italian Carabinieri

Vincenzo Coppola is a General in the Italian Carabinieri and currently holds the post of Interregional Deputy Commander (Naples). General Coppola has also served as Regional Commander for Sicily. General Coppola has participated in several international missions. He served as Chief of Staff and Commander of the Stabilization Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Kosovo Force Multinational Specialized Unit in Kosovo (1998-2000). General Coppola was the Head of the Police Unit of the General Secretariat of the European Union Council in Brussels (2001-04),and most recently as Head of the European Union Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2006-08). In these capacities and through his work in Italy, Coppola has developed considerable expertise in security sector reform, the role of police in peacekeeping, police training and transformation, and international cooperation. He holds degrees from the University of Teramo, University of Rome Tor Vergata, and a Master in Strategic Sciences from the University of Turin.

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William Durch
Senior Associate, Future of Peace Operations

Dr. William J. Durch is the director of Stimson's Future of Peace Operations program. Prior to joining Stimson in 1990, Durch served as a foreign affairs officer with the US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, as a research fellow at the Harvard Center for Science and International Affairs, and as assistant director of the Defense and Arms Control Studies program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Since joining Stimson, he has been seconded as a scientific advisor to the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency, and served as project director for the landmark Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (the Brahimi Report, August 2000). Durch also serves as a consultant to the International Forum on Challenges of Peace Operations, and for the United Nations on projects focused on improving the effectiveness of peacekeeping at headquarters and in the field. He has taught courses on international organization and peacekeeping at the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, at the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, and the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University.

Durch holds a PhD from MIT (Political Science/Defense Studies), an MA from George Washington University, and BSFS from Georgetown University.

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Stefan Feller
Police Commissioner, European Police Mission to Bosnia & Herzegovina (2008-present); former Head, Police Unit, European Union (2004-2008)

Stefan Feller is head of the European Union Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He has significant policing experience in his native Germany and with international missions. Mr. Feller previously served as Head of the Police Unit in the Council of the EU and Police Commissioner of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo.

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Lynn Holland

Strategic Workforce Director, PAE

Ms. Holland began her law enforcement career as a probation and parole officer for the Oklahoma Department of Corrections. She has served as a police officer, crime prevention specialist, Crime Stopper Coordinator and Public Information Officer at the Broken Arrow (OK) Police Department and as Commander of the Community Relations Unit for the Denton County (TX) Sheriff’s Office. She was selected as a member of the executive management team for the Haitian National Police Initiative on behalf of the US Department of Justice’s International Criminal Investigative Training and Assistance Program (ICITAP), where she established and maintained a personnel system for over 100 instructors and 5,000 students, drafted all policy and procedures for site personnel, and lead the recruitment efforts to recruit the female police officers. She also served in Bosnia, tasked with developing a program to assist women victims of rape as an act of war. In Kosovo, she served on the law enforcement entry team where she worked on massacre investigations and documenting human rights violations in Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia. Her efforts were used to assist in the indictment of Slobodan Milosevic. She has received specialized training in New Scotland Yard in London and is a recognized subject matter expert in post-conflict reconstruction by the UN and the U.S. Institute of Peace. Ms. Holland is a Bush Fellow from the George H. Bush School of Government & Public Service, Texas A&M, where she earned her Master’s Degree. Additionally, she is the Secretary of the Executive Committee of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) International Managers of Police Academy and College Training (IMPACT) Section. She currently works with PAE as the Strategic Workforce Director, and is focused on supporting the hiring of key personnel as well as managing the Pre-deployment Training for “rule of law” employee’s assigned to post-war assignments throughout the world.

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Michael Jorsback
Police Adviser and Head of Police Division, United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (2001-2002)

Michael Jorsback is currently Deputy Commandant serving as Senior Advisor at the Swedish National Bureau of Investigation. He is also a lecturer at the Folke Bernadotte Academy and at the Swedish Defence College on Rule of Law, Security Sector Reform and Legal aspects in peacekeeping operations and previously advised on the Ministry of Justice on peacekeeping and civil crisis management issues at the UN, EU, and OSCE. He was also head of the Swedish delegation to the EU Committee for Civilian Crisis Management in Brussels. Jorsback also has extensive experience with peacekeeping in both headquarters and field positions. From 2001-2002 he served as Police Adviser and Head of the Police Division at the UN DPKO where he was a member of the Rule of Law Task Force. He served as Chief of Staff in the UN Police component in UNPROFOR, Interim Commissioner and responsible for the start up of IPTF in UNMIBH and served as a Deputy Commissioner with UNMIK (1999-2001). Jorsback has also served as adviser in OSCE missions and as consultant on Human Rights issues for OHCHR in Palestine. He holds an L.L.M. from University of Stockholm.

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Tony Murney
Australian Federal Police, International Deployment Group

Dr Tony Murney has held a number of senior management positions within the Australian Federal Police (AFP) over the past ten years. These have involved senior executive roles within both the community policing area of the AFP, which is responsible for policing the Australian Capital Territory, and the International Deployment Group (IDG), which is responsible for the provision international policing assistance to nations requiring peacekeeping, stabilization or capacity building support during critical periods of their development. His most recent executive positions in the IDG have included Manager Corporate and Future Strategies, Manager Planning and Development, and Manager Design and Evaluation. In these capacities Tony has been responsible for, or intimately associated with, the development of concepts and plans for the deployment of police assistance missions to nations as diverse as Afghanistan, Tonga, Timor-Leste, the Solomon Islands, the Sudan, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Cambodia and Vanuatu in addition to more complex regional missions. Tony has widespread exposure to operational missions in these environments and been responsible for undertaking analyses and development of new concepts for delivery of policing missions in peacekeeping, stabilization and capacity building contexts.

Tony has represented the AFP in national and international forums and been responsible for the development of policing covenants and performance measurement frameworks. His work in this field has included serving on the Police Working Group of the Australian Productivity Commission and most recently as an advisor in the United Nations Global Police Policy Community.

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J. O'Neil G. Pouliot

J. O'Neil G. Pouliot has worked with INPROL for the past several years to build and support INPROL’s Police Forums. He is a retired Chief Superintendent of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, with 34 years of diverse laws enforcement experience. He has been involved in numerous international criminal investigations, and supervised onsite undercover operations in Europe, the Caribbean, and Asia. As Commissioner of the Civilian Police for the U.N. Mission in Haiti, (1994 -1996), Mr. Pouliot welded the highly diverse UN Civilian Police Force of 21 countries, 9 languages, and 8 religions into a cohesive and focused organization. Mr. Pouliot was formerly a faculty member of the Lester B. Pearson Canadian International Peacekeeping Centre, in Clementsport, Nova Scotia, Canada.

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William O’Neill

William O’Neill is a lawyer specializing in humanitarian, human rights and refugee law. He was Senior Advisor on Human Rights in the UN Mission in Kosovo, Chief of the UN Human Rights Field Operation in Rwanda and led the Legal Department of the UN/OAS Mission in Haiti.

He has worked on judicial, police and prison reform in Burundi, Liberia, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Timor Leste, Nepal and Bosnia-Herzegovina. He investigated mass killings in Afghanistan for the High Commissioner for Human Rights. He also conducted an assessment of the human rights situation in Darfur and trained the UN’s human rights monitors stationed there.

At the request of the UN’s Executive Committee on Peace and Security, he chaired a Task Force on Developing Rule of Law Strategies in Peace Operations. He has created and delivered courses on human rights, rule of law and peacekeeping for several peacekeeping training centers whose participants have included senior military, police and humanitarian officials from dozens of countries.

He has published widely on rule of law, human rights and peacekeeping, including, “Kosovo: An Unfinished Peace” and “Protecting Two Million Displaced: The Successes and Shortcomings of the African Union in Darfur.” His “Basic Principles on Human Rights Field Work” is widely used by practitioners and trainers. The New York Times, Washington Post, Radio France Internationale, NPR and the BBC are among the major media outlets who regularly approach O’Neill for commentary and analysis.

O’Neill has been a visiting professor of law and international relations at Haverford College (PA) and the Scuola Sant’Anna in Pisa, Italy. He is currently the Director of the Conflict Prevention and Peace Forum in New York City.

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Dr. Eric Scheye
Police Consultant

Dr. Eric Scheye is a consultant in rule of law; justice and security development; conflict management; and statebuilding.He has worked for the United States, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Australia, Brazil, Argentina, World Bank, African Development Bank, European Commission, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECE), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the United Nations (UN). He has also had assignments with various research institutes and non-governmental organizations, such as the Institute for Security Studies (South Africa) Democratic Control of the Armed Forces (Switzerland), Clingendael Institute (Netherlands), United States Institute of Peace (United States), Center for International Cooperation (New York University), and Saferworld (United Kingdom). He is currently conducting an evaluation of the UN’s rule of law peacebuilding and a comparable justice and security evaluation of European Commission programs.In the field, Eric worked for three years on an UK-sponsored integrated justice program in Yemen, two years for the Brazilian Secretariat for National Security; and three years in Bosnia and Herzegovina on a peacekeeping assignment. Among the other countries he has worked are Sierra Leone, Colombia, Argentina, South Sudan, Guatemala, Kosovo, Timor-Leste, Kyrgyzstan, Belize, and organized a conference on Iraqi de-Ba’athification.Prior to his consulting career, Eric Scheye worked for almost ten years with the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping and United Nations Development Programme in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, East Timor, Honduras, Kosovo, and Serbia. Eric has a Ph.D. in political science, an M.B.A., and has taught at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York and Potsdam Universität, Potsdam, Germany.

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Colonel Giovanni Truglio
Commander, European Gendarmerie Force Permanent Headquarters

Giovanni Truglio is a colonel in the Italian Carabinieri. He was Commander of the European Gendarmerie Force from 2007-2009. Colonel Truglio has also served with several international peacekeeping missions at a variety of levels beginning as a company commander with the UN Operations in Somalia (1993), and a liaison officer with the Italian-led Multinational Protection Force in Albania (1997). He later commanded multinational police units in Bosnia and Herzegovinawith both SFOR and the European Union, and most recently commanded of the Multinational Specialized Unit with the Italian Joint Task Force in Iraq (2006). Truglio holds degrees from Trieste University and University of Rome Tor Vergata.

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Stephen White
Head, EUJST LEX Mission for Iraq, European Union

Stephen White is the Director of European Affairs of The Soufan Group. He was previously the Head of the European Union's Integrated Rule of Law Mission for Iraq (EUJUST LEX). He was also Director of Law and Order and as senior police adviser with the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq. During his service with the police in the UK Mr. White was variously Director of Training, Head of Community Affairs, Head of Community Policing, and Director of the Change Management Program (For the Royal Ulster Constabulary).

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